The museum which takes place in the heart of Goreme National Park bares many churches dating from the 5th-12th cent. A.D.. These cave churches are adorned with frescoes depicting scenes from the life of Jesus Christ: Chapel of St. Basil, Elmalı (Apple) Church, St. Barbara Church, Yılanlı/Aziz Onuphrius (Snake/St. Onuphrius) Church, Karanlık (Dark) Church, Çarıklı (Sandal) Church and Tokalı (Buckle) Church; out of which the Dark and Buckle Churches feature the best preserved religious wall-paintings throughout Cappadocia.
This valley is also known as ‘the valley of imagines’ since the tufa (volcanic ash) has eroded into several different shapes such as a camel,kissing faces,Napoleon’s hat and etc.